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Medical Devices Hemodialysis
Medical Devices Hemodialysis – Hemodialysis or hemodialysis is derived from the two words “Hemo” means blood and “dialysis” are meaningfully separated substances – which are in a solution. Thus, hemodialysis or hemodialysis means separating substances – dissolved in the blood.
The content in question is waste material that is in the human blood? Why is it necessary to do hemodialysis? What health tools used to perform these actions? This article will discuss more hemodialysis and medical devices are used.
Hello readers, how are you today? We hope you all in good health and always the spirit in carrying out any of your activities. On this occasion, we will discuss a topic related to hemodialyses or hemodialysis.
Has been described briefly in the paragraph above that hemodialysis is a term in a foreign language which is related to health. Haemodialysis has meant the process of separating substances – trash or poisons in the blood by using the special medical equipment. Haemodialysis in society was known as dialysis.
Hemodialysis or dialysis needs to be done if there are indications of severe kidney failure that can lead to it – the following:
- Brain dysfunction (Ensefalopti uremic)
- Pericarditis (inflammation pericardium)
- Acidosis (Rising blood acidity)
- Heart failure
- Hyperkalemia (high potassium levels in the blood)
And some other things that are deemed necessary to do hemodialysis procedures.
Hemodialysis process is done by using special medical equipment hemodialysis. This tool brings as an artificial kidney. The principle is that blood is removed from the human body later washed in the blood of hemodialysis apparatus and then enter again into the human body is clean of trash or toxic substances. Is do purpose hemodialysis?
Here are some destinations do hemodialysis.
- Haemodialysis is a substitute for kidney function as a system of excretion, i.e., remove metabolic waste that can be harmful to the body
- Replace kidney function in extracting bodily fluids that should be issued when in a healthy state.
- Improving the lives of patients suffering from decreased kidney function
- Return kidney operates in a while when the treatment period
- From some of the above information, we can conclude that while the purpose of hemodialysis is to replace kidney function in whole or part as kidney function decreased so that the substance – of waste substances in the blood that should be removed is not lost because of kidney disorder.
Haemodialysis Medical Devices
To perform hemodialysis needed a Healthy tool. Here are some of the medical equipment used in the conduct of the procedure hemodialysis or dialysis.
Arterial Blood Line (ABL)
Is a tubing or hose plastic that is used to connect the blood of a patient’s body tubing vascular access to the dialysis apparatus. Known inlet is marked in red
Venous Blood Line (VBL)
This is the opposite of Arterial Blood Line, i.e., plastic tubing connecting the blood of dialysis instrument tubing to vascular access to the patient’s body. Called by outlet marked in blue.
Dialyzer or artificial kidney
This tool is enabled to replace the organ. This device consists of two rooms or compartment that is:
Blood chamber – is a space containing blood
Dialysate compartment – is a room containing dialysate
Both rooms in Hemodialysis machine or apparatus are separated by a membrane semipermeable. This tool has four holes that the two ends to come out into the blood and the two side ends to get come into the dialysate.
Liquid / Water Treatment
In an act of dialysis or hemodialysis requires that liquid water. But before used water needs through a process called water treatment so that it can meet the standards of the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instruments (AAMI). The amount of water required in the process this is for around 120 Lt
The dialysate solution
Dialysate solution is a solution which contained electrolyte content in a certain degree. Dialysate solution consists of two types. Acetate and bicarbonate. The difference is, dialysate bicarbonate acetate is liquid while in a powdered form that needs to be reconstituted.
There are many types of hemodialysis machines used, usually the difference in brands and manufacturers. But had the principle and function working together and consists of pumping blood, system settings solution, when an error monitoring system, and other supporting components.
Working Principle Medical Device Hemodialysis
There are several things to consider before making the process of hemodialysis include the examination of the patient’s condition, whether the condition can perform this action, weigh to determine the amount of liquid that must be removed from the body as well as some other checks. The next step is installing a Nurse – Hemodialysis tool. Connecting blood line or path (hose) and the needle into the vascular access is the discharge of blood from the body into the dialyzer and the blood vessels to enter the blood of dialysis machines into the body. If all of the tools and instruments have been installed, hemodialysis-process can be run.
The bottom line is that in fact the blood does not flow into the engine through the hose blood dialyzer yet. A dialyzer machine tool components and blood pump. This tool serves to organize and monitor blood nets as well as provide information regarding the amount of fluid and toxic substances in the blood. While the existing pumps on this machine used to draw blood from the patient’s body to the dialyzer and back to grind again into the body.
Some things to note about this process is the possibility of complications to the patient’s condition was doing dialysis. Here are any complications that may occur
Muscle cramps usually occur during the process of withdrawal of fluids or ultrafiltration volume in high quantities and quick process. This took place in the full half-time approaching completion.
Hypotension is blood pressure decreases; it can happen because of the presence of substances that lower sodium acetate dialysate.
This is a result syndrome that occurs because of osmol – another osmol of the brain and urea clearance process is not very fast compared from the blood. This led to an osmotic gradient between this room.
It usually happens during the process of hemodialysis is indigestion. Nausea and vomiting occurred due to hypoglycemia. And not infrequently accompanied by pain in the head.
Readers wherever you are, of course, we do not want any distractions that make us do the washing blood with this tool. May we always are health by Allah, God decreases pain and heals our suffering.
Information for you who are looking for medical equipment, either for personal or companies and hospitals, please visit www.gloryamedica.com. Official distributor of the medical devices standard hospital that serves the procurement of medical equipment throughout Indonesia.
So that we can say, I hope the information we provide can add insight for you all. So and I’ll see you at our next article Thank you